The objectives of our SYNAPIC project are part of our understanding of the “integrated management of territories and resources.”
The underlying assumption is that beekeeping activities have the potential to:
- Play a role in the diversification of the incomes of the populations living near the area, and possibly constitute an alternative to waste collection activities least sustainable, particularly with the most fundamentally precarious producers; and to
- Integrate into agricultural and land management systems, in order to encourage a stabilization of agriculture and the duration of fallow periods, the perpetuation of closed areas, and sustainable reforestation – a rich honey-producing and diversified environment being one of the guarantors of good productivity.
The major challenge for the support actions for fruit-bearing beekeeping and for this potential impact on the territories to materialize is to integrate as best as possible the different profiles of farmers who live together around the reserve (and differ in particular by their access to land or capital allowing investment – two major factors of production).
Indeed, without secure access to land, or the possibility of planting bee species there, some future beekeepers could become discouraged, leaving this activity only to those with privileged rights – which would further reinforce inequalities. In the same way, if beekeeping only becomes the prerogative of large rightsholders with extensive land reserves (“marginal” lands), the impact of apiaries on agroecosystems will be more limited than if they manage to integrate them fully into existing agricultural systems.
The project, therefore, aims above all to co-construct, with the various producers and guarantors of land management, models for the integration of beekeeping within the various production systems and an equitable definition of their access and exploitation methods.